The population estimate for the California stock of Northern elephant seals is around 180,000. The males are very large with a weight of up to 5,000 pounds. The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. They are shorter too at only 12 feet. Northern elephant seal bulls reach a length of 4.3 to 4.8 m (14 to 16 ft) and the heaviest weigh about 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Fill out our nomination form for that amazing site. Southern seals and Northern seals. Sexual dimorphism in size is great: The much larger male northern elephant seal typically weighs 1,500–2,300 kg (3,300–5,100 lbs) and measures 4–5 m (13.2–16.5 ft), although some males can weigh up to 3,700 kg (8,152 lbs). The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. They use their large nose to makes sounds and vocally threatening other males. Elephant seals are the largest seals on the earth with two major species i.e. Resources:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephant_sealhttps://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/group/elephant-seals/http://www.marinemammalcenter.org/education/marine-mammal-information/pinnipeds/northern-elephant-seal/?print=t. Slaughtered en masse for their oil-producing blubber, the … Males begin developing this enlarged nose, or proboscis, at sexual maturity (about three to five years), and it is fully developed by seven to nine years. Adult females will return to California or Mexico, and go ashore between March and August to molt. During this time, they look to be in bad shape, however it is normal. When foraging, the dive depth of the Northern elephant seal averages 500 to 600 m (1,640 - 1,970 ft), but it is able to dive to as much as 1,500 m (4,920 ft) and stay under water for over 1 hour. Life Expectancy The biggest bull Northern elephant seals weigh about 5,000 pounds. He might weigh as much as 4,500 pounds, and he can flop his jiggly body across the sand as fast as we can run. Adult males may grow to 14-16 feet (4-5 m) in length and weigh up to 5,000 pounds (2,300 kg). They can dive to depth ranging from 1,000-2,500 feet (305-762m) for lengths of 20-30 minutes. They are the sole members of the genus ‘Mirounga’ of the family ‘Phocidae’ or ‘true seals’. NOAA Fisheries - Northern Elephant SealNOAA Fisheries West Coast - Northern Elephant Seal. Adult males may grow to over 13 feet (4 m) in length and weigh up to 4,500 pounds (2,000 kg). For northern elephant seals, the situation is similar, but less extreme. Elephant seals are well named because adult males have large noses that resemble an elephant's trunk. But, there have been instances where these sea mammals have gone even deeper. Breeding primarily occurs on offshore islands of California and Mexico, such as the Channel Islands, and at rookeries on the central California coast. Characterized by extreme sexual dimorphism: males weigh 8-10 more than females. Northern & Southern elephant seal. The Northern Elephant Seal is smaller than those from the Southern part of the world. Northern elephant seals spend most of the year, about 9 months, in the ocean and can only be seen on land during pupping season. When they haul out for molting season they will stay there for a few weeks. Southern elephant seals are the largest seal species, followed by Northern seals. The elephant seal is in the phocid, or true seal, family. Killer whales, sharks and other seals are their main predators. Adult female elephant seals are approximately 9 feet in length and weigh about 900 pounds. Point Robinson is adjacent to the narrowest part of Puget Sound, and the whales sometimes come spectacularly close to shore. The Whale Trail updated their cover photo. Males feed in the Aleutian Islands and Gulf of Alaska, while females travel further to offshore waters of Washington and Oregon. Fully grown males can reach lengths of over 13 feet and can weigh nearly 4,400 pounds. Much more agile in their ocean environment, an elephant seal moves on land with considerable effort, by using its front flippers and belly. Elephant seals have a sandy brown colored coat with no spots. Males grow to huge sizes, and they can weigh 8,800 pounds (3,991 kg) or more. But, there have been instances where these sea mammals have gone even deeper. 75 pounds (35 kg) Scientific Name The adult male, “the elephant of the sea,” has a large flexible snout that looks like an elephant’s trunk. But they spend most of the time, 8 to 10 months of the year, elsewhere. Other places it is found include the coast of Argentina, New Zealand, and South Africa. Elephant seal pups weigh around 75 pounds (34 kg) when they are born. Mature males are easily spotted by their large noses that resemble elephant trunks. ~ Fun Fact ~Elephant seals are expert underwater hunters who search for food at night and are capable of diving deep below the waves. They can also reach up to 14 feet in length. The Northern Elephant Seal is smaller than those from the Southern part of the world. When northern elephant seals come on shore to breed, the females will fast while mating and suckling their pups. Fun Facts for Kids. The northern elephant seal lives up to nine years, and the southern elephant seal lives between twenty to twenty-two years. These seals r… Females are significantly smaller than males, but are still grow to about 10 feet long and weigh up to 1,300 pounds. Their life span is about 14 years for males, 16 to 17 years for females. These mam­mals are among the largest of the group com­pris­ing aquatic car­ni­vores in the North­ern Hemi­sphere. 1,300-2,000 (590kg- 907kg) After being weaned at 4 weeks of age, pups fast completely while learning to swim and dive before going to sea in search of food. Large gatherings of the seals — including adult males that can weigh up to 4,400 pounds and reach 19 feet in length — are typically found along the Pacific coast in areas called rookeries. They have the biggest weight difference between males and females of any animal species. Female’s snouts grow just beyond the mouth and have smoother necks. @WDFW sets new rules for commercial whale-watching to protect southern residents. AND ONE NEARLY WENT EXTINCT. In 1978, 872 were born there. Length Elephant seals feed on fish and on squid or other cephalopods. They were once thought to be extinct after commercial sealing which occurs in the 1800s. Southern elephant seals are the largest seal species, followed by Northern seals. The have a large range in the Pacific Ocean and can be seen from Alaska to Mexico. rookery was studied in northern elephant seal pups at Aiio Nuevo Island, California. The female will breed again before her pup leaves and she returns to the ocean. Males grow to huge sizes, and they can weigh 8,800 pounds (3,991 kg) or more. Largest seal in the northern hemisphere. Share your ima. Northern elephant seals are polygamous breeders, meaning during the mating season males establish a dominance over a large group of females. The northern elephant seal lives up to nine years, and the southern elephant seal lives between twenty to twenty-two years. In case you’re curious, the walrus is a close third behind the northern elephant seal when it comes to size. The first elephant seals on Año Nuevo Island were sighted in 1955, and the first pup was born there in 1961. The biggest bull Northern elephant seals weigh about 5,000 pounds. They usually dive to depths of between 1,000 and 2,500 feet. In Washington, it is rare to see them ashore. The bull southern elephant seals are, on average, larger than those in the northern species, but the females in both are around the same size, indicating the even hig… But, they have made a comeback today. Both sexes have black whiskers and V-shaped hind flippers. In case you’re curious, the walrus is a close third behind the northern elephant seal when it comes to size. The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. With over a 13,000 mile roundtrip migrations, they have one of the longest migrations of any animals. Most elephant seals will return to natal rookeries when they reach sexual maturity. They have been known to look like deadheads, or logs, in the ocean sort of bouncing up and down a couple times and then disappearing. Mature males are easily identified by their large proboscis. Northern elephant seals are protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act and are not considered endangered or threatened. The northern and southern elephant seal can be distinguished by various external features. When foraging, the dive depth of the Northern elephant seal averages 500 to 600 m (1,640 - 1,970 ft), but it is able to dive to as much as 1,500 m (4,920 ft) and stay under water for over 1 hour. Female northern elephant seal. Males of both species attain a length of approximately 6.5 metres (21 feet) and a weight of about 3,530 kg (7,780 pounds) and are much larger than the females, which grow to 3.5 metres and weigh 900 kg. Length Found in the Antarctic, sub-Antarctic, and islands off the West coast of North America, these enormous ocean sea mammals were one endangered. ; Females: 990–1,300 lb. Mirounga angustirostris Look for groups of molting males at northern California sites like McKerrecher State Park. The females are much smaller at 10 feet (3 m) in length and 1,500 pounds (600 kg). Species: angustirostris largest pinniped outside Southern elephant seal (Ling & Bryden, 1981). On average, the southern elephant seal tends to be larger than the northern species. One Southern seal recorded diving at a depth of almost 7,000 feet! Females reach 9 feet and 1,600 pounds. Females are much smaller and can range from 400 to 900 kg (880 to 1,980 lb) in weight, or roughly a third of the male's bulk, and measure from 2.5 to 3.6 m (8.2 to 11.8 ft). Females weigh about 2,000 pounds (907 kg). Molting takes 4-5 weeks. Males frequently fight with each other. The female, on the other hand, weighs about a third of the male, which is a dramatic example of sexual dimorphism, or physical size difference between the sexes of a species. As you explore the beaches, please be aware of your surroundings to ensure a safe distance between you and any resting elephant seals. Point Robinson is adjacent to the narrowest part of Puget Sound, and the whales sometimes come spectacularly close to shore. The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. Southern elephant seals are able to dive to over 4,921 feet (1,500 meters) and remain underwater for as long as two hours. Pups are born black and will molt into a silver coat after 4-6 weeks, once they are weened. Adult Northern elephant seals are light brown to black in color. Elephant seals are expert underwater hunters who search for food at night and are capable of diving deep below the waves. 12-16 feet (3.6-3.9 m). WDFW sets new rules for comme, NOAA Fisheries West Coast - Northern Elephant Seal. The northern elephant seal is yellowish or gray-brown, and the southern is blue-gray. Northern elephant seals face threats such as entanglement in fishing gear, vessel strikes, marine debris, and disturbance while on shore. The females are much smaller at about 9 to 12 feet (2.5 to 4 m) in length and weigh 900 to 1,800 pounds (400 to 800 kg). Humans aren't the only ones that are attracted to the California coastline, Northern Elephant Seals migrate thousands of miles to these beaches twice a year to breed, give birth, molt and rest. Northern elephant seals are found along North America’s Pacific coast, with a range that stretches as far north as Alaska and as far south as Mexico. Females weigh about 2,000 pounds (907 kg). They usually dive to depths of between 1,000 and 2,500 feet. 7 Once males reach puberty at 7 years old they grow a large nose, as well as thick and robust necks that are lighter in color compared to their darker bodies. They are very large and the males have what is similar to an elephant’s trunk on their face yet it is very short. 2. Northern Elephant Seal – Mirounga angustirostris Description. The U.S and Mexico stock of Northern elephant seals has survived and derived by the few hundred individuals not targeted during commercial sealing. Females will come ashore only a few days before giving birth to her pup. These seals group together in large colonies when they are on land. ... See MoreSee Less, Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on Linked InShare by Email, Good news for Orcas! \"Where do they go?\" - a simple question that has been difficult to answer. 4,400 pounds (1996 kg) The females are much smaller at 9-12 feet (2.5-4 m) in length and 900-1,800 pounds (400-800 kg). Share your inspiring story below or tag #thewhaletrail. The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern … They lack external ear flaps and have smaller fore flippers than other pinnipeds. Did You Know? The biggest on record was nearly 11,000 pounds in weight. A key physical characters is the male’s elongated snout, called a proboscis. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephant_seal, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/group/elephant-seals/, http://www.marinemammalcenter.org/education/marine-mammal-information/pinnipeds/northern-elephant-seal/?print=t. When northern elephant seals come on shore to breed, the females will fast while mating and suckling their pups. Elephant seals, and pups in particular, are also on the menu of other animals. Weight 4,400 pounds (1996 kg) Length 12-16 feet (3.6-3.9 m) Northern elephant seals are the largest of the “true”, or “earless”, seals in all of the Northern Hemisphere. During this time, they survive only off of stored blubber (fat) and won't eat for up to five weeks. Males return slightly after females. 4 feet (1.25 m), Weight In Washington, adult females can be in their feeding areas of Washington and Oregon, during their time between spring/summer molting and winter breeding season. One Southern seal recorded diving at a depth of almost 7,000 feet! The elephant seal is in the phocid, or true seal, family. Males of both species attain a length of approximately 6.5 metres (21 feet) and a weight of about 3,530 kg (7,780 pounds) and are much larger than the females, which grow to 3.5 metres and weigh 900 kg. View our guide on how to watch marine animals from shore. Thanks to successful conservation projects they are thriving once again. Males have an enlarged proboscis or ‘trunk’, hence the name elephant seal. Two elephant seal species exist, which include the Northern elephant seal and the Southern elephant seal. The southern species has an extensive molting period in which considerable patches of hair and skin are shed. The Northern Elephant Seal (Mirounga angustirostris) and the Southern Elephant Seal (Mirounga leonina) were both hunted nearly to extinction by the end of the nineteenth […] Mating occurs from December to March and pups are born in early winter, from December to January. They are very large and the males have what is similar to an elephant’s trunk on their face yet it is very short. The females are much smaller at 10 feet (3 m) in length and 1,500 pounds (600 kg). 13-19 years, Weight Length Follow Washington State Ferries for guidance about ferry travel. ; Females: 990–1,300 lb. Therefore the Elephant seal is … Weight 1,300-2,000 (590kg- 907kg) Length 7-12 feet (2.1-3.6 m) ADULT MALE FACTS. What do they do when they are away? Please do not attempt to approach what looks like an animal in distress. On average, the biggest Southern elephant seals weigh over 8,000 pounds. Point Robinson was one of the first locations on The Whale Trail! Northern elephant seals are preyed on by great white sharks, a significant cause of mortality in juvenile seals, and sometimes also by killer whales. During this time, they survive only off of stored blubber (fat) and won't eat for up to five weeks. Fe­males reach a length of 3.1 m … Did You Know? Males can be over 20 feet long and weigh up to 8,800 pounds. (Photo by Mark Sears, NOAA Permit 21348), It’s not too late to join our writing contest an, Has anyone seen the Orcas recently? Color, Good news for Orcas! Elephant seals come ashore in the winter to mate and give birth. The females are much smaller at 10 feet (3 m) in length and 1,500 pounds (600 kg). Northern Elephant Seal The other species, the southern elephant seal, lives in the Southern Hemispheres and is found in islands like Macquarie Island. Fish, molluscs, krill, crustaceans, squid and other sea life are usually on their menu. They have a social hierarchy based on the male’s harems, which is the grouping of females. 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